Marine environment is one in water seawater tolerance hydrolyzate and suspended solids seabed sediment and marine organisms including complex systems. Ocean rich biological resources mineral resources chemical resources and power resources is an indispensable resource treasure house of human beings with human survival and development of the relationship very close.
The main objective of the current marine conservation is to protect the living marine resources so as not to failure in order for human sustainable use. In particular give priority to protect those valuable and critically endangered marine life. According to the UN for investigation due to overfishing accidental capture and killing of non-target to allow hunting of marine coastal shoreline construction mangrove deforestation widespread marine pollution at least the world's 25 most valuable fishery resources depleted whales sea turtles manatees and many other marine animals face extinction risk. Is expected that with the expansion of the scale of ocean development
Marine living resources are likely to cause more damage.The task of the first marine protected right to stop over-exploitation of living marine resources and secondly to protect the habitat of marine life or habitat in particular their migration spawning foraging avoiding predators coast tidal flats estuaries coral reefs癫痫病的最佳治疗方法 it is necessary to prevent the heavy metals pesticides oil organic and easy to produce nutrients such as eutrophication of marine pollution. Preservation of the marine living resources of the natural regeneration capacity and water purification capacity preservation of the marine ecological balance to ensure sustainable human development and utilization of the oceans.
In the animal kingdom, both predators and prey species utilize one of two things to survive―stealth or speed. Both on land and beneath the sea, those who master either evasion or capture through these methods will thrive, living to reproduce and achieve the unspoken directive of their species. While stealth―through camouflage or evasion―is common, perhaps the most thrilling feature of many of the animals we find in the ocean are the fantastic speeds that can not only be achieved, but often maintained for long periods of time.Speed represents a tremendous expenditure, an investment of energy that must be replenished via consumed calories. Therefore, any observer should marvel not only at the existence of this trait, but also at the bounty of an ecosystem and the ability of individuals to draw their needs from that system. Their existence is a reflection of the fantastic diversity and abundance of our oceans. Here are ten of the fastest aquatic animals―both predator and prey.
In the v郑州治疗癫痫医院排名ast ocean live many creatures with great intellectual and physical capacities. Dolphin is one of those great creatures whose capacities to think and move at an astounding rate puzzle those who study their behaviors Dolphins possess something that makes them different from all the other sea creatures. It is not strength or speed but the size of their brains. Dolphin' s brain is almost the same size as that found in the human head. They live for a ling time.
Dolphins' babies are born in the water. They can grow up to three and a half meters long.Dolopins use sound to help them find their way look for their food and talk with each other. Sound is just like their eyes and mouths.
This fish earned its name by utilizing evasion as a way to escape its predators. It bodily leaps from the ocean, reaching a speed of about 35 miles per hour and a recorded gliding time of up to thirty seconds. This can take them as far as 200 meters from their point of exit from the water, which may be far enough to escape pursuit or confuse predators. Fishermen favor these types of fish, but due to their sheer numbers in the wild, none of the 40 different species of flying fish are listed as endangered. While they can be found foraging seasonally along the outskirts of warm water reef complexes, flying fish are primarily pelagic, and favor tropical or subtropical open waters around the equator.
Subsisting mainly on a diet of plankton an长沙癫痫医院排名前十d small marine life, flying fish are schooling fish that hunt primarily at night. While some sources may find this counter-intuitive, given the ease with which the fish are drawn to light sources, this actually makes perfect sense. Many of the plankton and marine resources the fish favor are slightly luminescent, especially by moonlight, making them easily seen in the darkness. This also provides cover, given the coloration of the fish―blue or grey on top, silvery white on the bottom―so that they are not easily seen from above or below as they feed on the clouds of marine flora. Flying fish generally mate during the autumn or spring, when currents are at their weakest. Females will deposit their eggs on the surface, attached to flotsam, and males will fertilize the eggs. Schools at this time can number in the millions, and constitute a major resource for species that feed on the fish. Because they only tend to live about five years in the wild, their flesh is prized for its purity―free of the heavy metals often found in longer-lived species.
Orcas are not related to whales at all, other than being ocean-dwelling mammals. Rather, they are close kin to dolphins. While it was believed that they were a single species, recent research indicates that they may, in fact, be comprised of several different s山东治癫痫什么医院好pecies of Orca. You can find them in every ocean in the world, though they tend to favor the colder waters around Antarctica and the North Atlantic or Pacific. The only predator they possess is humankind. While there's a deadly standoff between the two species, Orcas proliferate in the wild, and have an incredible life span. The males usually live as long as sixty or seventy years, while the females―who are excluded from the sometimes-violent competition for mates―may live a hundred years or more in the wild.
They've been observed reaching speeds of around 30 miles per hour, although some Orcas may utilize much greater bursts of speed, based upon their favored prey. Resident pods in the Pacific Northwest have shown a decided preference for salmonids―specifically, Chinook salmon. This presents a conflict with the goals of companies that rely on high yields of salmon for profit. Several communities of killer whale seem to favor beach and ice floe ambush approaches, snatching seals and walruses or even sea birds from their resting places. Others, located in the Southern Hemisphere, take up the challenge of hunting sharks in the open sea, as well as feeding on species of rays and other fish abundant in the cold southern waters.